The hottest way to promote the sustainable develop

2022-08-09
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Change the way to promote the sustainable development of China's manufacturing industry

change the way to promote the sustainable development of China's manufacturing industry

China Construction machinery information

Guide: in the first decade of this century, China's manufacturing industry has developed rapidly and made significant progress, and its pillar and dominant position are more obvious. However, some deep-seated problems in the manufacturing industry have not been solved, and some are becoming more serious; At the same time, under the new historical conditions, some new problems have emerged. How to realize the sustainability of manufacturing industry

in the first decade of this century, China's manufacturing industry has developed rapidly and made significant progress, and its pillar and leading position are more obvious. However, some deep-seated problems in the manufacturing industry have not been solved, and some are becoming more serious; At the same time, under the new historical conditions, some new problems have emerged. How to realize the sustainable development of manufacturing industry is an urgent task in front of us

to this end, the Chinese Academy of Engineering launched the major consulting project "Research on the sustainable development strategy of China's manufacturing industry" in 2008, with Academician Zhu Gaofeng as the project leader, 12 academicians and hundreds of experts participating in the project research, and formed the "Research Report on the sustainable development strategy of China's manufacturing industry", striving to affirm achievements, analyze problems, clarify development ideas, determine development goals, and put forward development measures and policy recommendations, Provide decision support for the formulation of the 12th Five Year Plan and medium - and long-term sustainable development strategies. This newspaper recently interviewed the relevant authors of the report and published it successively in the form of "series of reports on the sustainable development of manufacturing industry"

what is the basic realization of industrialization? How should China's manufacturing industry develop during the 12th Five Year Plan period and before 2020? After the basic realization of industrialization, should the manufacturing industry continue to develop and how should it develop? This is exactly the question to be answered in the Research Report on the sustainable development strategy of China's manufacturing industry

when academician Zhu Gaofeng, the project leader, accepted this newspaper's exclusive interview, he made it clear from the beginning that choosing the topic of "sustainable development of manufacturing industry" has a very stable performance, which means that the manufacturing industry should not only continue to develop, but also strive to achieve sustainable development. By 2020, China will basically realize industrialization, but industrial development will not stop. In the progress towards the goal of basically realizing modernization by 2050, industrial modernization is still an important part, and manufacturing, as the main part of industry, will still be the pillar of economic development and the material foundation of social development. Therefore, we should pay more attention to the manufacturing industry, further consolidate China's industrial foundation, promote the extension of manufacturing industry from processing and assembly to high-end, constantly improve the quality and efficiency of development, and realize the sustainable development of manufacturing industry

the pillar and dominant position have remained unchanged for a long time.

in the past 30 years of reform and opening up, with the sustained and rapid growth of the national economy, China's manufacturing industry has developed rapidly. Especially since the beginning of the new century, the favorable international and domestic environment has promoted the rapid development of manufacturing industry. Manufacturing industry is not only the main body of the secondary industry, but also the backbone industry and leading industry of the national economy

the period from now to 2020 will be an important period for China's economic development. To basically complete industrialization and achieve the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way, manufacturing will still be the pillar and leading force

while supporting the steady and rapid development of the industrial economy, the growth rate of the manufacturing industry will gradually slow down and level with the growth rate of the economic aggregate. However, it is estimated that the dynamic information of the friction process cannot be obtained. In the next decade, the average growth rate of China's manufacturing industry should be about 9%, and the proportion of manufacturing industry in the total national economy will not increase significantly. The growth rate of the tertiary industry will gradually exceed that of the secondary industry. At the same time, it will further differentiate from the manufacturing industry into the manufacturing service industry. Of course, although the proportion of service industry increases and the proportion of manufacturing industry decreases, its pillar and dominant position will not change for a long time

The in-depth development of economic globalization determines that China's manufacturing industry will be more closely integrated into the international environment. China's manufacturing industry will gradually change the current situation of being at the low end of the international division of labor, and continue to increase the proportion of high value-added industries and links. International cooperation and domestic and international mutual penetration will be more in-depth. While maintaining a certain international market share, manufacturing products will pay more attention to the improvement of brand and quality. At the same time, the external dependence of the economy will be gradually reduced to a reasonable range

from the perspective of demand, with the change of economic and social development mode and people's lifestyle after the financial crisis, the total demand and demand structure of manufacturing products will change, and emerging industries such as non fossil energy, biotechnology and intelligent networks will grow rapidly. Due to the limitation of market capacity, the physical quantity of most traditional manufacturing products will not continue to grow at a high speed in the past decade. In the adjustment of industrial structure, the manufacturing industry needs to further increase the proportion of high-end equipment manufacturing industry in order to enhance the overall competitiveness of the industry

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